Insurance is a policy in a contract that covers losses of individual or entity by receiving financial support or reimbursement from an insurance company.
Insurance policies help in taking care of danger of financial losses, even for both big and small ones, that will cause havoc to the insured or her property, or damage to a third party.
How does Insurance works
There are many different types of insurance policies that are available. Every individual or business firm can get an insurance company that will give them a good price for a policy. For personal insurance policies, we are some common types like auto, homeowners, health, and even life. Almost all individuals in the United States of America have one of the personal insurance policy and its by law to insure your car.
Moreover, business have special types of policies that protect them from some specific type of dangers that a particular business face. For example, a restaurant will need a policy that will cover the risk of getting injured while cooking or frying things. Meanwhile, an auto dealer will not be needing such kind of insurance policy but can have some coverage for damages during test drives.
However there are some special policies available for some specific needs, like K&R (Kidnap and Ransom), professional liability insurance which is also known as errors and omissions insurance, and also for medical malpractice.
Components in Insurance Policy.
Before you choose a policy on you should understand very well how it works.
It will be really helpful to you in helping you chose the best policy you need if a firm understands the concepts. Moreover, there are three insurance policy components: They are Premium, Policy Limit and Deductible to other crucial insurance policies.
For Premium Policy’s its is more of the price, it is expressed as a monthly expense. To get a premium component it is determined by the insurer pertaining the risk in your business profile, and that may include creditworthiness.
For instance, if you have many cars and also have a record of wrecking cars, you will likely be charged more for an automobile policy compare to someone that owes one mid-range sedan and he also has a good driving record. However, different insurance companies charge differently for the same or similar policies. So you need to do some legwork to find the perfect price for you.
When we talk about the policy limit component it refers to the maximum amount that needs to be paid by an insurer to cover the loss. The maximum can be set by period (for example it can be annual or policy term), can be per loss or injury, can also be over the life of the policy which is also known as the lifetime maximum.
However, higher premiums are because of higher limits. For a normal or general life insurance policy, the maximum money paid by the insurer is termed “face value”. Face value is the most paid to a beneficiary due to the death of the insured.
The deductible insurance policy component is a particular amount needed for a policyholder to pay out-of-pocket before a claim is paid by the insurer. Deductibles helps in preventing of large volumes of small and not obvious claims.
Depending on the type of policy chosen by an insurer, deductibles can come per-policy or per-claim. However, for high deductible policies they are less expensive due to the high out-of-pocket expense that will result in less small claims.
This is majorly on health insurance, for people who are battling chronic health problems or need constant medical attention, they should go for policies with lower deductibles.
Although the annual premium might be higher with another policy that has a higher deductible. But cheaper access to medical care in that year will worth the trade-off.